If Chimpanzees are willing to give up an unfair advantage to secure a just outcome surely humans can do no less.
It is now known that Chimps seek a fair outcome when interacting with other Chimps. Of course, just like us humans, Chimps will take advantage when cooperation is not necessary to obtain an objective. Both chimpanzees and humans experience situations with inequitable outcomes. Both react with suspicion and prejudice, Chimps may refuse to groom the one who didn’t offer to share a banana, humans often seek revenge.
Why does fairness matter? It keeps the mighty from subjecting those who have no power to their will. A fair society is one in which policy dictates that each member be treated with a measure of respect. Every aspect of human fairness must pass the cold neutrality of an impartial judgment, on this hangs the fate of mankind. No form of discrimination will ever stand the test of fairness. If you judge any group by the standards of cold impartiality you can not justify discrimination.
Let us consider a few issues where fairness has yet to overcome reality. Do women deserve equal pay? In all fairness they do but in reality they only receive 77 cents for every dollar a man makes. This is unjust in a fair society so we need to fix this. Consider Race, the constitution says, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness”. But we still aren’t there yet; the ugly face of racism still casts a dark shadow over the psyche of America. It has been our shame to long. Another area that begs our tolerance understands that everyone must march to the beat of their own heart. In all fairness we should judge no one by who they love or what God they worship. We should judge them only by the goodness in their heart or the lack thereof.
I believe most people are innately good and desire to do that which is just. I believe we should be generous in prosperity and thankful in adversity understanding that life is fleeting. If one can have the choice of happiness, in all fairness, no one has the right to hinder that happiness.